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1970s and 1980s

Alan Jones in the Williams. © Williams F1 Emerson Fittipaldi (BRA) Lotus 72C retired on lap 55 with a broken rear suspension. Spanish Grand Prix, Montjuich Park, 18 April 1971. World © Phipps/Sutton A marshal stands by the barrier with his array of race flags as fourth placed Jochen Mass (GER) McLaren enter Loews. Monaco Grand Prix, Rd 6, Monte Carlo, 22 May 1977. World © Phipps/Sutton John Watson (GBR) brings the McLaren MP4/1 out of the Silverstone pit garage for its first test. Ron Dennis (GBR) McLaren Team Principal (far right). This car was the very first carbon monocoque F1 car. McLaren MP4/1 First Test, Silverstone, England, 1981. World © Phipps/Sutton Nelson Piquet (BRA) Brabham BMW BT52 fuel and tyre stop German Grand Prix, Hockenheim, 7 August 1983. World © Sutton

1970
The FIA introduces circuit inspections before races. Stipulations include double crash barriers, a safety distance of three metres between fences and spectators, as well as a wall between the pit lane and the track.

1971
The cockpit must be designed in such a way that the driver can be rescued within five seconds.

1972
Head rests and red rear lights are introduced. Fuel tanks contain security foam. The six-point seatbelt becomes mandatory. The FIA introduces a ‘code of conduct’ for all drivers.

1973
Medical tests for all drivers. Integration of the fuel tank into crash and fire resistant structures.

1974
Circuit safety walls become mandatory.

1975
The FIA defines the standard for fireproof clothing. The presence of marshals, a medical service with a centre for resuscitation and compulsory rescue training become mandatory.

1977
The FIA determines uniform specifications for gravel traps and defines the standard for helmets.

1978
Only drivers with an FIA super license may enter Formula One races. A sheet-pile wall behind the driver and a front rollover bar are introduced to cars.

1979
Larger cockpit openings are made compulsory. Niki Lauda, Carlos Reutemann and Mario Andretti compete in overalls made of five layers of fireproof material, as used by NASA, for the first time.

1980
Permanent medical centres at circuits become compulsory.

1981
The car’s safety cell is extended to include the driver’s foot area.

1984
The fuel tank must be located between the driver and the engine.

1985
Initial crash tests are used to determine the effects of frontal impact on cars.

1986
Helicopters must be on stand-by, ready for circuit medical personnel.

1987
The FIA regulates safety on non-permanent racing tracks.

1988
Crash tests for the car’s safety cell and the fuel tank are introduced. The driver’s feet must be behind the front axle. A permanent FIA race director is appointed.

1989
Track safety walls must be at least one metre high, and the pit wall must have a minimum height of 1.35 metres. Doping tests are introduced, similar to those of the International Olympic Committee.