Indianapolis - facts and figures 16 Jun 2007
Ahead of this weekends United States Grand Prix at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway (IMS), why not improve your knowledge of the Brickyard and its long racing tradition
On each lap of the Indianapolis circuit, Formula One drivers change gear approximately 36 times.
Built in 1908, at a cost of US $75,000, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway is the oldest motor racing track still in use today. Although originally constructed using a mixture of crushed stone and tar, a spate of accidents led to the decision to resurface the circuit with bricks. In all, 3.2 million were used and the circuit is still nicknamed the Brickyard.
The circuits banked curve is a flat-out section, which for the drivers means 24 seconds of full throttle. The cars reach top speeds of 335 km/h - only at Monza in Italy do Formula One cars reach higher speeds.
The total track length of the Indianapolis Motor Speedways Formula One circuit is 2.605 miles (4.192 kilometres). The average track width is 14 metres and there are 13 turns in total, four left and nine right.
The first Indianapolis 500 race took place at the track in 1911.
Rubens Barrichello holds the current Formula One lap record at Indianapolis. Barrichello set a time of 1m 10.399s during the 2004 United States Grand Prix, while driving for Ferrari. The Brazilian set the fastest qualifying lap (1m 10.223s) that same year.
When Michael Schumacher won the 2006 United States Grand Prix he became the first five-time winner of any major motor racing event to have been held at the IMS.
Of the drivers currently in the championship, Toyotas Jarno Trulli has enjoyed the most success at Indianapolis. Trulli has finished in the top five in every United States Grand Prix he has finished, including fourth place last year.
The 2005 United States Grand Prix race saw just six cars starting the race after all Michelin-shod teams withdrew on tyre-safety grounds.
The first Indianapolis 500 took place in 1911 and when Formula One was incepted in 1950, the Indy 500 was a championship round. It remained so for 11 seasons, its final running as a Formula One event coming in 1960. Formula One teams carried on turning up to Indy for the fun of it and, following the resurfacing of the brickyard in asphalt in the early '60s, the rear-engined cars of Lotus gave the traditional American roadsters a wake-up call - Jim Clark scored a memorable victory in 1965 and Graham Hill took the spoils in 1966.
In 1998 Indianapolis made a deal to host a round of the FIA Formula One World Championship again. A brand new infield course was constructed and in 2000, almost a century after the track was built, Formula One racing returned to the United States most revered circuit.