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The Monaco Grand Prix - did you know? 22 May 2013

Nico Hulkenberg (GER) Force India F1 VJM05.
Formula One World Championship, Rd6, Monaco Grand Prix, Qualifying Day, Monte-Carlo, Monaco, Saturday, 26 May 2012 Juan Manuel Fangio (Alfa Romeo 158) leads Bob Gerard (ERA A-type). They finished in 1st and 6th positions respectively. 1950 Monaco Grand Prix Mark Webber (AUS) Red Bull Racing RB8 leads at the start of the race.
Formula One World Championship, Rd6, Monaco Grand Prix, Race Day, Monte-Carlo, Monaco, Sunday, 27 May 2012 Race winner Ayrton Senna (BRA) Lotus 99t. Team Manager Peter Warr, left, Michele Alboreto and Neslon Piquet right and 2nd right. Monaco Grand Prix, Monte Carlo, 31 May 1987. World © Sutton Race Winner Graham Hill (GBR) BRM P261. Monaco Grand Prix, Monte Carlo, Monaco, 10 May 1964. World © Phipps/Sutton Fernando Alonso (ESP) Renault R26 celebrates his win in parc ferme.
Formula One World Championship, Rd 7, Monaco Grand Prix, Race, Monte-Carlo, Monaco, 28 May 2006 Race winner Stirling Moss (GBR) Lotus 18 took Lotus' first Grand Prix victory. Monaco Grand Prix, Monte-Carlo, 29 May 1960. World © Phipps/Sutton Michael Schumacher (GER) Ferrari F2004 leads team mate Rubens Barrichello (BRA) Ferrari F2004 and David Coulthard (GBR) McLaren Mercedes MP4/19.
Formula One World Championship, Rd 6, Monaco Grand Prix, Race Day, Monte Carlo, 23 May 2004 Olivier Panis (FRA) Ligier JS43 came from fourteenth on the grid to take his first ever GP victory. Monaco Grand Prix, Rd 6, Monte Carlo, Monaco, 19 May 1996. World ©  Sutton Mark Webber (AUS) Red Bull Racing RB8 leads at the start of the race.
Formula One World Championship, Rd6, Monaco Grand Prix, Race Day, Monte-Carlo, Monaco, Sunday, 27 May 2012 Kimi Raikkonen (FIN) McLaren celebrates his win on the podium.
Formula One World Championship, Rd6, Monaco Grand Prix, Race, Monte Carlo, Monaco, 22 May 2005

After Monza, Monaco is the second-most-visited circuit in Formula One history and this year it will play host to a round of the FIA Formula One World Championship for the 60th time. Ahead of the most glamorous round of the season, we bring you an abundance of fascinating facts about racing in the Principality…

• Racing first took place on the streets of Monaco in 1929 and the circuit also hosted the second round of the inaugural Formula One World Championship in 1950. That race was won by Juan Manuel Fangio in an Alfa Romeo. However, there was then a four-year gap before Formula One racing returned to the Principality in 1955. The Monaco Grand Prix has remained on the calendar ever since.

• The temporary nature of the Monaco circuit means that an extraordinary amount of equipment is required to turn the streets into a race track. Included in that list is 33 kilometres of safety rails, 20,000 square metres of wire catch fencing, 3,600 tyres for tyre barriers and 1,100 tonnes of grandstand seating for spectators. Some 650 marshals are also stationed around the track on a race weekend.

• The circuit has seen several revisions since its Formula One debut in 1950. Amongst the most notable were the changes to the Swimming Pool section and the introduction of La Rascasse corner and Anthony Noghes corner ahead of the 1973 race. Since then several corners - including the harbour-side chicane and Swimming Pool - have been tweaked as the circuit (and city state) evolve.

• Ayrton Senna holds the record for the most wins in the Principality - six, including five consecutive victories from 1989 to 1993. He would have seven had he not crashed out of the lead in 1988…

• Before Senna, Graham Hill earned the nickname ‘Mr Monaco’ because of his five victories between 1963 and 1969. Michael Schumacher also has five Monaco wins to his name and is the all-time lap leader, having spent a total of 435 laps at the head of the field.

• Six of the current grid have won in Monaco - Sebastian Vettel, Jenson Button, Lewis Hamilton and Kimi Raikkonen have all won once, and Fernando Alonso and Mark Webber twice. Webber has also scored more points at Monaco than any other driver in history, although revisions to the points-scoring rules have helped his cause greatly.

• Alonso has stood on the podium (or to be exact, steps) in Monaco on four occasions - the most of any current driver, but four behind Senna’s record. If Alonso wins in 2013 he’ll become the first man to have done it with three different teams.

• Rubens Barrichello holds the record for the most Monaco podiums without a win - five. Double world champion Jim Clark holds the record for most Monaco pole positions without winning the race - four.

• McLaren have claimed the most victories of any constructor in Monaco - 15 - but Ferrari have scored the most podiums - 48 in total. Ferrari have not won in the Principality since 2001.

• The Monaco Grand Prix has played host to a fair number of milestones:

- Juan Manuel Fangio, Maurice Trintignant, Jack Brabham, Denny Hulme, Patrick Depailler and Riccardo Patrese all scored their maiden Formula One wins in Monaco. Jean-Pierre Beltoise, Olivier Panis and Jarno Trulli all scored their only career wins at Monaco.

- Lotus scored their first win as a constructor in Monaco in 1960, although it wasn’t by the factory team but by Stirling Moss in a privately-entered Lotus 18.

- Eight drivers claimed their maiden Formula One pole positions on the tricky street circuit: Juan Manuel Fangio, Tony Brooks, Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart, Emerson Fittipaldi, John Watson, Didier Pironi and Jarno Trulli.

- Bruce McLaren celebrated a centenary of world championship starts at Monaco in 1970. Graham Hill started his 150th race in the same place three years later. Rene Arnoux, Rubens Barrichello and Johnny Herbert also all hit 100 race starts in Monaco, with Herbert also going on to celebrate 150 starts whilst in the Principality. Michael Schumacher followed his lead a year later in 2001.

- Giancarlo Fisichella and David Coulthard - two of only 13 drivers to have started 200 or more Grands Prix - both achieved the milestone in Monaco.

- Fernando Alonso claimed McLaren’s 150th Formula One race victory in Monaco in 2007.

• Michael Schumacher holds the Monaco lap record - 1m 14.439s set in 2004 for Ferrari.

• History shows that pole position is not nearly as important as you might imagine in Monaco - the race has been won by the poleman 26 times in 59 races. Olivier Panis won the race from 14th on the grid in 1996 - the lowest any winning driver has started.

• Two drivers have represented Monaco in Formula One history - Olivier Beretta and Louis Chiron.

• Williams’ Valtteri Bottas is the only one of Formula One racing’s five rookie drivers to have never raced in any category at Monaco before.

• On average, a driver changes gear 62 times per lap at Monaco. The longest period they spend at full throttle is around 7.5 seconds (going through the tunnel).

• Turn 6 - the hairpin - is the tightest, slowest corner on the F1 calendar and is taken at around 50 km/h in first gear.

• At just 3.34 kilometres, Monaco is comfortably the shortest circuit on the calendar.

• If McLaren and Ferrari score in Monaco this weekend they will extend their runs of consecutive points finishes to 64 and 54 respectively.

• Should he finish in the top ten in Monaco, Kimi Raikkonen will achieve his 23rd consecutive points-scoring result. That would then give him the chance of equalling Michael Schumacher’s record of 24 consecutive points finishes at the Canadian Grand Prix…

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