1970s and 1980s

The FIA introduces circuit inspections before races. Stipulations include double crash barriers, a safety distance of three metres between fences and spectators, as well as a wall between the pit lane and the track.

The cockpit must be designed in such a way that the driver can be rescued within five seconds.

Head rests and red rear lights are introduced. Fuel tanks contain security foam. The six-point seatbelt becomes mandatory. The FIA introduces a ‘code of conduct’ for all drivers.

Medical tests for all drivers. Integration of the fuel tank into crash and fire resistant structures. 

Circuit safety walls become mandatory.

The FIA defines the standard for fireproof clothing. The presence of marshals, a medical service with a centre for resuscitation and compulsory rescue training become mandatory.

The FIA determines uniform specifications for gravel traps and defines the standard for helmets.

Only drivers with an FIA super license may enter Formula One races. A sheet-pile wall behind the driver and a front rollover bar are introduced to cars.

Larger cockpit openings are made compulsory. Niki Lauda, Carlos Reutemann and Mario Andretti compete in overalls made of five layers of fireproof material, as used by NASA, for the first time.

Permanent medical centres at circuits become compulsory.

The car’s safety cell is extended to include the driver’s foot area.

The fuel tank must be located between the driver and the engine.

Initial crash tests are used to determine the effects of frontal impact on cars.

Helicopters must be on stand-by, ready for circuit medical personnel.

The FIA regulates safety on non-permanent racing tracks.

Crash tests for the car’s safety cell and the fuel tank are introduced. The driver’s feet must be behind the front axle. A permanent FIA race director is appointed.

Track safety walls must be at least one metre high, and the pit wall must have a minimum height of 1.35 metres. Doping tests are introduced, similar to those of the International Olympic Committee.