1970s and 1980s

1970 
The FIA introduces circuit inspections before races. Stipulations include double crash barriers, a safety distance of three metres between fences and spectators, as well as a wall between the pit lane and the track.

1971 
The cockpit must be designed in such a way that the driver can be rescued within five seconds.

1972 
Head rests and red rear lights are introduced. Fuel tanks contain security foam. The six-point seatbelt becomes mandatory. The FIA introduces a ‘code of conduct’ for all drivers.

1973 
Medical tests for all drivers. Integration of the fuel tank into crash and fire resistant structures. 

1974 
Circuit safety walls become mandatory.

1975 
The FIA defines the standard for fireproof clothing. The presence of marshals, a medical service with a centre for resuscitation and compulsory rescue training become mandatory.

1977 
The FIA determines uniform specifications for gravel traps and defines the standard for helmets.

1978 
Only drivers with an FIA super license may enter Formula One races. A sheet-pile wall behind the driver and a front rollover bar are introduced to cars.

1979 
Larger cockpit openings are made compulsory. Niki Lauda, Carlos Reutemann and Mario Andretti compete in overalls made of five layers of fireproof material, as used by NASA, for the first time.

1980 
Permanent medical centres at circuits become compulsory.

1981 
The car’s safety cell is extended to include the driver’s foot area.

1984 
The fuel tank must be located between the driver and the engine.

1985 
Initial crash tests are used to determine the effects of frontal impact on cars.

1986 
Helicopters must be on stand-by, ready for circuit medical personnel.

1987 
The FIA regulates safety on non-permanent racing tracks.

1988 
Crash tests for the car’s safety cell and the fuel tank are introduced. The driver’s feet must be behind the front axle. A permanent FIA race director is appointed.

1989
Track safety walls must be at least one metre high, and the pit wall must have a minimum height of 1.35 metres. Doping tests are introduced, similar to those of the International Olympic Committee.