Hamilton had not even set a lap time when he lost the rear of his car midway around the quick Turn 7, giving the Briton no chance of keeping it out of the tyre wall.
Though Hamilton was unhurt, the heavy impact caused extensive damage to the left side of his F1 W08, ripping off the front wheel and suspension.
It is the first time since Belgium 2016 that Hamilton has been eliminated in the first phase of qualifying.
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WATCH: Hamilton makes an early exit from Brazil qualifying
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