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Interview with BMW Motorsport Director Mario Theissen 16 Mar 2009

Dr Mario Theissen (GER) BMW Sauber F1 Team Principal 
Formula One World Championship, Rd 15, Singapore Grand Prix, Preparations, Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore, Thursday, 25 September 2008 Robert Kubica (POL) BMW Sauber F1.09 pitstop practice. Formula One Testing, Day Four, Barcelona, Spain, 12 March 2009. Robert Kubica (POL) BMW Sauber F1. Formula One Testing, Day Four, Barcelona, Spain, 12 March 2009. Nick Heidfeld (GER) BMW Sauber F1.09 Formula One Testing, 1-5 March 2009, Jerez, Spain. Nick Heidfeld (GER) BMW Sauber F1.09. Formula One Testing, Day One, Barcelona, Spain, 9 March 2009.

BMW Sauber have covered 9,445 kilometres in testing with the F1.09 in Valencia, Sakhir, Jerez and Barcelona in preparation for the team's fourth season of Formula One racing. Working out the relative performance levels of the teams has probably never been trickier, since basic rule changes have produced fundamentally different cars. BMW Motorsport Director Mario Theissen looks ahead to the '09 campaign…

Q: Is the BMW Sauber F1 Team well prepared for the new season?
Mario Theissen:
Yes, things are looking good after all the testing. The drivers and the engineers have given positive feedback. We are heading in the right direction with the BMW Sauber F1.09.

Q: What have been the biggest technical challenges?
The engineers have had to adjust to fundamental changes in four different areas. There are new developments to be considered in terms of aerodynamics, tyres and KERS technology. Plus, the engines have to cover twice the mileage this year compared to 2008. Never before in Formula One have they had to last so long. The changes to the cars' aerodynamics are so fundamental that the engineers really did have to start again with a blank sheet. The introduction of KERS brake energy regeneration technology into Formula One also represented new territory. This has been a huge challenge, one which we have taken on with great drive and determination. When I look back at how far we have come in such a short space of time, it really is very impressive. Here, Formula One has taken on the role of technology accelerator for series production cars of the future.

Q: Will you be using the Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) in Melbourne?
We've got our KERS to the stage where it is race-ready, which means we can use it in Melbourne. Now it's just a matter of weighing up the pros and cons. On the positive side, the drivers would have an extra 82 hp at their disposal for 6.6 seconds per lap. However, the system adds weight to the car and this has an impact on the car's weight distribution and tyre wear. We will make a decision on a driver-by-driver, circuit-by-circuit basis.

Q: Does KERS place heavier drivers at a disadvantage?
The minimum weight of 605 kilograms stipulated for the cars in the regulations includes the driver. The difference between the actual weight and minimum weight is levelled out by positioning ballast around the car to optimum effect. Traditionally, this means that a heavier driver has been at a disadvantage, as he has had less ballast to balance out the car. Using the KERS will further reduce - by the weight of the system - the amount of ballast available. In order to prevent Formula One from becoming a jockeys competition, we are pushing for an increase of the minimum weight in the future.

Q: What kinds of cost-saving measures have the BMW Sauber team taken?
We have supported cost-saving measures for a number of years and have always pursued a policy of moderation. From its formation, the BMW Sauber F1 Team has focused on efficiency and reduced its expenditure each year. Today, BMW is spending 40 percent less on its involvement in Formula One than in 2005. Back then we were an engine supplier, but now have our own team, of course. Significant savings have been achieved through increases in the mileage required of each engine. When BMW returned to Formula One in 2000, we were using one engine for free practice, replacing it for qualifying and then fitting another new one for the race. This outlay has since been gradually reigned in and today each driver has to make do with eight engines for the full duration of the season. The heavily reduced testing schedule has brought further substantial budget savings. Testing on race circuits is banned outside of race weekends until 31st December 2009. The only exception will be tests for junior drivers with no GP experience after the season has finished. So we have put together a whole package of measures to reduce costs.

Q: How do you see the future of Formula One?
We have the opportunity - in the critical phase in which we now find ourselves - to exert a positive influence over the future of Formula One. And I am in no doubt that Formula One will emerge stronger from the current situation. Once the cost-cutting measures have taken full effect, I expect further independent teams to come into Formula One and be able to compete on a sound financial footing. Added to which, the technical regulations are now geared towards the F1 machines playing an important role in the development of series production cars. This allows Formula One to serve as a pioneer with regard to future technologies.

Q: Is the investment in the Formula One project justifiable for BMW in the current economic climate?
Most definitely. Alongside the savings I've already mentioned, which will be backed up by further economising in the future, we have started to enjoy success on the track. And so it's not only our marketing experts who are saying that Formula One is a valuable tool for BMW. F1 remains the core of our motor sport programme. Nowhere else will you find such charisma exuded on a global level on such a frequent basis. And nothing else offers a technical challenge so fruitful that it benefits the research activities of an entire company. From a cost-benefit point of view, Formula One is very positive for us.

Q: What is your aim for the season?
We are following a long-term timetable. In our first year we set out to finish regularly in the points, in year two we wanted to record podium finishes and in our third year we were aiming to notch up our first victory. We achieved all of these ambitious aims. In 2009 we are looking to take the next and most difficult step yet: we want to be fighting for the World Championship title. The F1.09 gives us a good platform to fulfil this aim; now we have to see what happens in the season's 17 races. What we know for certain is that you can plan your level of performance, but not your results.